Article 9315

Title of the article



Trofimova Yulia Mikhailovna, Doctor of philological sciences, professor, sub-department of English philology, Ogarev Mordovia State University (68 Bolshevistskaya street, Saransk, Russia),

Index UDK

81’373; 811.453


Background. Ideograhic dictionaries are of great value in revealing the development of human knowledge of the surrounding world. Compiling of an ideographic dictionary of an old language makes it possible to reconstruct the objective picture of human cognition. The article deals with reconstructing the Germanic cultural component of the Gothic lexemes used in the Wulfilian translation of the Gothic Bible to express Judaic realities and notions which are not typical of Gothic as a Germanic language.
Materials and methods. The study was based on the vocabulary represented in the Gothic Bible which was translated from Greek and reflects realia different from Germanic cultural phenomena. The methodological potential of constructing ideographic strata corresponding to the Germanic culture included the principles of semantic reconstruction, ideographic analysis and paradigmatic analysis of thematic lexical groups.
Results. The principles of singling out ideographic structures of the Gothic vocabulary have been established on the basis of the Gothic concepts and lingual picture of the world. There have been determined several structures of the Gothic vocabulary that can be included in the ideographic dictionary of the Gothic language.
Conclusions. It is suggested that the Gothic ideographic dictionary based on cognitive principles could be an opportunity to cover all known Gothic lexemes and represent them from the viewpoint of the concept and the lingual picture of the world.

Key words

text of translation, background component, notion, concept, ideography, lingual picture of the world.

Download PDF

1. Friedrichsen G. W. S. The Gothic version of the Gospels. A study in style and textual history. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1926, 261 p.
2. Kauffmann F. Zeitschrift fur deutsche Philologie [Journal of German philology]. 1919–1920, vol. 48, iss. 1, pp. 7–80; iss. 2/3, pp. 165–235; iss. 4, pp. 349–388.
3. Ebbinghaus E. A. General Linguistics. 1976, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 9–13.
4. Vereshchagin E. M., Kostomarov V. G. Lingvostranovedcheskaya teoriya slova [Linguistic-cultural theory of words]. Moscow: Russkiy yazyk, 1980, 320 p.
5. Aleynikova T. V. Chelovek – slovo – tekst – kontekst: problemy sovremennykh lingvisticheskikh issledovaniy: sb. nauch. tr. [People – word – text – context: problems of mo¬dern linguistic research: collected works]. Omsk: Omskiy gos. un-t, 2003, pp. 143–148.
6. Marus M. L. Kontsept [Concept]. 2013, no. 2 (Febr.). Available at:
7. Morkovkin V. V. Ideograficheskie slovari [Ideographic dictionaries]. Moscow: Izd-vo Mosk. un-ta, 1970, 70 p.
8. Vestnik drevney istorii [Bulletin of ancient history]. 1939, no. 4, pp. 203–283.
9. Thompson E. A. The Visigoths in the time of Wulfila. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1966, 176 p.
10. Corazza V. Le parole latine in gotico [Latin words in Gothic language]. Roma: Accademia nationale dei licei, 1969, 107 p.
11. Mansion J. Analecta Bollandiana. 1914, vol. 33, pp. 5–30.
12. Latyshev V. V. Vestnik drevney istorii [Bulletin of ancient history]. 1948, no. 3, pp. 217–330.
13. Budanova V. P. Goty v epokhu velikogo pereseleniya narodov [Goths in the great migration of peoples]. Moscow: Nauka, 1990, 232 p.
14. Latyshev V. V. Vestnik drevney istorii [Bulletin of ancient history]. 1949, no. 4, pp. 203–308.
15. Feist S. Vergleichendes Wörterbuch der gotischen Sprache [Comparative dictionary of Gothic language]. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1939, 710 p.
16. Bradley H. The Goths. London: Unwin, 1840, 376 p.
17. Teillet S. Des Gots à la nation Gotique [Goths of the Gothic nation]. Paris: Les belles letters, 1984, 687 p.
18. Bibleyskaya Entsiklopediya. Trud i izdanie Arkhimandrita Nikifora [Biblical Encyclopedia. Work and publication of archimandrite Nikifor]. Moscow: Tip. A. I. Snegirevoy, 1981. Reprint. Moscow: Terra, 1991, 901 p.


Дата создания: 11.11.2015 09:47
Дата обновления: 12.11.2015 08:39